Why Over 60% of Births Take Place Outside Health Facility in Madagascar

181 views | Akanimo Sampson | April 11, 2021

A 2018 survey reveals that 61 percent of childbirths in Madagascar take place outside of a health facility. This is largely due to poor roads and challenging terrain.

For instance, Ambovombe is a landlocked district in the southern part of the country, where only about half of health facilities are accessible year-round because of poor roads and challenging terrain.

And, even if one could get there, the cost of transportation is too high, resulting in the 61 percent of births taking place outside of a health facility.

“The working conditions were not easy. I have traveled hundreds of kilometres to visit isolated villages hidden in the vastness of the Androy region”, says midwife of the Regional Reference Hospital of Ambovombe who did not want her name in print.

She recalled her early days in the region, which covers nearly 20,000 square kilometres. “Some women in labour try to reach the hospital by cart and the trip sometimes takes a whole day. This resulted in complications during deliveries, stillborn babies, and pre- or post-partum haemorrhages and infections.”

When COVID-19 struck, even more patients stopped going to health centres, and the midwife’s maternity team of three midwives and a few volunteers was stretched thinner still.

If women and young people will not go to her to exercise their reproductive health rights, the midwife will have to go to them. So she did.

For five months, two mobile clinics covered more than 10,000 kilometers to serve 59 remote localities in seven districts. More than 14,000 people benefited from pre- and postnatal consultations, family planning services, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) screening and treatment and educational sessions.

“Children, women and men with their health booklets [medical records] in hand were eager to take advantage of the services available”, said Ida, a midwife from another locality’s hospital team who accompanied a mobile clinic to the small village of Bekitro.

“Everyone was happy because the long-awaited moment had finally arrived. I will never forget their feelings of hope and joy expressed through their eyes and faces, which motivated me despite the difficulty during the trip.”

Volunteer community agents mobilised the village with megaphones and loudspeakers to draw the large crowd. The mobile clinics, an initiative of the Ministry of Public Health in partnership with UNFPA and supported by funding from Japan, served everyone who came, mostly women and girls between 15 and 49 years old.

The clinics also traveled to the commune of Beraketa, where Volana, 35, was one of 2,120 people treated for an STI. In southern Madagascar, sexually transmitted infections are common, mainly due to the belief that a boy only becomes a man after contracting one.

“I was so ashamed of my illness that I was afraid to go to the doctor and I had no money to treat myself”, Volana said. “Thanks to this mobile clinic, I received the necessary care and medication free of charge. It is with great joy that I will finally get rid of this burden.”

At 16, Noria is in the ninth grade in Ambahita. “Many girls of my age are victims of early pregnancy and have had to drop out of school”, she said. “I have been urged to go for family planning to avoid getting pregnant, but as I am in class all the time, I have not had time to consult the doctor. Moreover, I am ashamed and I don’t dare talk about it to anyone, even my parents.”

The mobile clinic showed her that family planning is a universal right and presented her with contraceptive options. Now, she is “happy to have this opportunity that will allow me to finish my studies and follow my dreams to the end.”


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