430 views | Akanimo Sampson | June 9, 2021
Exploring the role of trade policy in forging sustainable solutions that benefit people more equally will headline a two-day online meeting of .top trade experts, ministers, thought leaders and international organisations holding from JUne 14-15.
Among the event’s high-level speakers are the Head of World Trade Organisation, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, and Rebeca Grynspan, head of the Ibero-American General Secretariat.
Others include Valdis Dombrovskis, European Commission executive vice president and European Union commissioner for trade; Amani Abou-Zeid, the African Union’s infrastructure and energy commissioner; and Piyush Goyal, India’s minister of commerce and industry.
These top-level speakers will be exploring how the multilateral trading system can work for a lasting green and inclusive recovery.
The event is the second edition of the United Nations Trade Forum. It is seeking to shine a light on the actions needed for an inclusive and green recovery from the shocks of COVID-19 pandemic.
The forum is a key steppingstone towards United Nations Conference on Trade and Development’s (UNCTAD) 15th quadrennial ministerial conference to be held online also from October 3-7, hosted by Barbados.
UNCTAD Acting Secretary-General Isabelle Durant, says ”the COVID-19 pandemic gave the climate a break, but it will only be an exception if we don’t take action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and environmental degradation, even as we pursue economic recovery and prosperity.”
In 2020 while global lock-downs devastated livelihoods, carbon dioxide emissions fell by 5.8% as economic activity declined.
”Carbon emissions are rapidly rising again as economies recover. We must redouble our efforts to limit the emissions. Trade policy is one of the tools we have to avoid a spiral that threatens the environment and our existence”, Ms. Durant said.
Why trade policy matters
The pandemic has highlighted trade’s pivotal role in the global provision of goods and services.
Governments have used trade policy to positively respond to the coronavirus crisis, which also exposed many fault lines and exacerbated pre-existing vulnerability and inequality.
While trade is a source of income, jobs and opportunities, it generates 8 billion tons of carbon dioxide emissions annually, a quarter of the global total. Innovative measures are needed to increase synergies between trade policy and climate action.
”But today’s trading system may not provide a framework for effective implementation of such measures for the benefit of the world in general and of developing countries in particular”, Durant said.
The forum will conclude with the 17th edition of UNCTAD’s prestigious Prebisch Lecture to be delivered by Nobel laureate Esther Duflo on 15 June.
Trade needs a green streak
The forum will explore how to drive the COVID-19 crisis recovery with a coherent trade policy mix that protects the planet and ensures more inclusive development.
The premise of the forum is that while trade must be part of the climate solution, trade policy itself needs a green streak. The programme is structured as a journey that moves from reflection to action.
The high-level panel will address how to reduce trade tensions and strengthen multilateralism to avoid reverting to the pre-crisis status quo.
Two other sessions of the forum will focus on what can be done on the green side of trade policy and tactics to build an inclusive world through better trade.
They will address how trade policies and rules can better support green development, how each country can contribute to this and how trade can reduce rather than exacerbate inequality in society.
The UN Trade Forum fosters dialogue on how trade can contribute to a more prosperous, inclusive and sustainable world. The 2019 edition focused on climate change and the Sustainable Development Goals.