Concerns have started growing around the humanitarian circles in the United Nations on what will be the fate of the hundreds of thousands of victims of the festering in the northern axis of Ethiopia.
This is because of the decision to expel UN workers from the troubled country could affect aid distribution in the war-torn Tigray region where needs and displacement are rising virtually on a daily basis.
Engagement between the UN and the government continues after the Ethiopian authorities on Thursday declared seven of the organization’s staff personae non grata and ordered them to leave the country within 72 hours.
The affected personnel were five members of the UN humanitarian affairs office, OCHA, a representative from the UN Children’s Fund, UNICEF, and a team leader from the UN human rights office, OHCHR.
In a statement that day, UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, expressed shock at the announcement, saying “all UN humanitarian operations are guided by the core principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality, and independence.”
Millions in need
OCHA’s spokesperson in Geneva, Jens Laerke, said the agency was equally shocked and expects the decision to be “changed, or be reviewed, or modified in some way.”
OCHA is overseeing the emergency aid operation in northern Ethiopia, where conflict in the Tigray region has been raging for nearly a year.
“It is critically important that the humanitarian operation continues – and it does,” said Mr. Laerke, speaking to journalists on Friday.
Some 5.2 million people in Tigray are in urgent need of assistance, and the conflict has spilled over into two neighbouring regions, he said, “which rapidly means that the humanitarian needs are increasing, and also the number of internally displaced people are increasing.”
Humanitarians are also extremely concerned about food insecurity in Tigray. Mr. Laerke said the number without access to sufficient food supplies rose from five per cent to 21 per cent between June and September.
Furthermore, screenings indicated unprecedented levels of moderate malnutrition among pregnant and lactating women, while moderate acute malnutrition among children under five, is around 18 per cent, exceeding the global emergency threshold of 15 per cent.
He added that access and response were “not at all” at the level they should be. Only 11 per cent of the trucks needed to bring in humanitarian aid arrived in Tigray since mid-July.
The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, has deplored the decision, her office, OHCHR, said on Friday, while rejecting accusations of “meddling”.
“We have had no indication from the Government as to the basis for such a decision in relation to our colleague, and we insist on having clarification as to their reasons for taking this step,” Spokesperson Rupert Colville told journalists.
Commitment to serve
UNICEF characterized the decision by Ethiopia as “regrettable and alarming.”
The agency has been in the country for more than six decades, working to advance and protect the rights of the most vulnerable children.
“As the humanitarian situation in the country deteriorates – with children bearing its biggest brunt – our work is more urgent than ever”, UNICEF said in a statement on Friday expressing full confidence in its teams on the ground.