Chad: Security, Environmental Crisis Displaces 360,000 People. IOM Needs $2.00 Million for Humanitarian Assistance

161 views | Akanimo Sampson | November 26, 2020

A displacement site of Taal in the Lac Province. Photo : IOM/François-Xavier Ada

Chad’s Lac Province is reeling from the impact of a double security and environmental crisis which has forcibly displaced more than half of the province’s population.

The recent flooding of displacement sites and host communities in Lac Province risks worsening an already complex humanitarian situation, as some key areas where critical assistance is needed might become inaccessible.

This week, the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) is appealing for $2.00 million to ensure continued access and delivery of lifesaving humanitarian assistance to the most vulnerable people and their host communities through, among other things, emergency and preparedness support, and strengthening disaster risk reduction programming.

Earlier this month local authorities alerted IOM to the flooding of entire quarters in the departments of Fouli and Kaya caused by the rise in water levels of Lake Chad. The two departments currently host thousands of persons displaced by conflict and climate change in Chad’s Lac Province.

That is leaving thousands of people without access to key basic services.

IOM Chad Chief of Mission, Anne Schaefer, explains “this sudden flooding, which is not isolated, is likely to force villagers to leave their homes and seek refuge in neighbouring villages where resources and amenities are already very limited.

“As waters continue to rise, some areas where we intervene are at risk of becoming inaccessible, effectively cutting thousands of people from access to lifesaving assistance.”

Since 2015, the government of Chad, and regional security forces have been combating security threats from armed non-state actors around the Lake Chad Basin.

The impact of the security situation has been amplified by an environmental crisis caused by the shrinking of Lake Chad.

The fallout of this double crisis has been the mass displacement of more than 360, 000 people – a majority of the province’s population.

Data from IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix shows that, since the beginning of the crisis, most displaced people fled from lakeside villages towards safer communities inland.

Now this momentary respite and stability required for displaced persons and their host communities is being threatened by flooding caused in part by the rising waters of Lake Chad.

Prefect of the Department of Fouli in Chad’s Lac Province, Yacoub Mahamat, says “our people are faced with multiple crises, but the rise in water levels which we have witnessed in recent days threatens more than 18,000 households, including displaced persons and host communities.”

The rise in water levels is also heightening the risks of water-borne diseases such as cholera and seasonal malaria which are endemic in the country.

In the Lac Province, IOM is one of the leading humanitarian actors providing shelter (durable and semi-durable), food and non-food items, including dignity kits for women and insecticide-treated mosquito nets, to displaced persons and host communities affected by the double security and environmental crisis.

IOM also leads on data collection in displacement sites to provide a better understanding of the vulnerabilities of displaced persons, which is vital to accurately target humanitarian assistance.

IOM Lake Chad Emergency, Preparedness and Disaster Risk Reduction Appeal for Lac Province – USD 2 million – to work on the following areas: Emergency and Preparedness; site mapping in key displacement sites; shelter construction – including durable and semi-durable shelters; and food and non-food items distribution

Others include, preposition of stocks; support in the development of a flood early warning system; contingency planning; disaster Risk Reduction; mapping of meteorologically exposed areas; support in drainage of areas and construction; support in community training on flood warning and small-scale mitigation works; and research on the impact of climate change in Lake Chad


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